The source of difficulties in family life may be the personality characteristics of one or both spouses. We are talking about traits that initially corresponded to the norm, but were not quite adequate to the personal qualities of the partner or the partner did not find the right approach to communication, was not able to cope with some of the features of his own psyche. In addition, it can also be pathological properties of the individual, which in themselves represent a problem in interpersonal relationships, and even more so in marital relations, making them initially potentially conflicting and complex, requiring special skills and attitudes for more or less harmonious coexistence of family members (R. Vulis, 1999). Continue reading
Over the past 50 years, a systematic approach has been dominant in family counseling, which views the family as a system. This means that the family is considered as a whole unit. It consists of parts that are included in it. The objects of influence of the family are not those elements of which it consists, but the whole family as a whole. A family counselor helps the family as a whole.
The most common areas are systemic family counseling and systemic family therapy.
The theoretical basis of the system view of the family is the General theory of systems, which was developed in the 40s by Ludwig von Bertalamfi. He argued that most of the objects in the world around us are purposefully organized systems – an organizational view of the world. Continue reading