There are various theories for choosing a marriage partner. Some researchers, such as K. Melville, liken the process of choosing a spouse to a trade transaction, with the” currency ” in exchange being the social values of two individuals, such as social origin, economic status, education, and personal qualities (age, appearance) (Melville K., 1977).
Proponents of the theory of homogamy (Nye A., Berardo F., Bossard J. and others) argued that “exchanged” can not be any man and woman, but only those who have the same “social value”, or homogamy. In fact, the possible candidates include candidates with the same characteristics that are of primary importance in terms of marital choice (race, religion, social class, proximity in educational level, age, marital status, territorial proximity of residence) (NyeL, BerardoE, 1973). Continue reading
In psychological research, the main focus is on the study of marriage satisfaction. Most experts define it as an internal subjective assessment, the attitude of the spouses to their own marriage. The most complete definition of what marriage satisfaction gives S. I. the Hunger: “marital Satisfaction, obviously, doubles as a result of adequate representation implementation (image) of family, prevailing in consciousness of the person under the influence of meetings with various events that constitute its experience (real or symbolic) in this field” (Hunger S. I., 1984).
Family stability and marriage satisfaction are not mutually exclusive concepts, they have a lot in common, but they do not have an unambiguous meaning — highly stable marriages are not always characterized by a high level of marriage satisfaction (for example, for traditional families, a stable marriage is quite common when the spouses are completely dissatisfied with their relationships, and in a modern family, such dissatisfaction can lead to a break even if there are children) (Sysenko V. A., 1981). Continue reading
The family is based on marriage relations, in which both the natural and social nature of a person is manifested, both the material (social being) and the spiritual (social consciousness) sphere of social life. Society is interested in the stability of marriage relations, so it exercises external social control over the optimal functioning of marriage through the system of public opinion, means of social influence on the individual, and the process of education (Trapeznikova T. M., 1987).
Modern sociologists define marriage as “a historically changing social form of relations between husband and wife, through which society orders and authorizes their sexual life and sees their marital and parental rights and responsibilities” (Kharchev A. G., 1979, p. 66). Continue reading