Beyond the family
Every family is a system, and every system has its own structure and boundaries. The boundaries of the family depend closely on the state of the boundaries of large social…

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National peculiarities of family relations
Until the middle of the XIX century, the family was considered as the original micromodel of society, social relations were derived from the family, the society itself was interpreted by…

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Marriage satisfaction
In psychological research, the main focus is on the study of marriage satisfaction. Most experts define it as an internal subjective assessment, the attitude of the spouses to their own…

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marriage

Family life cycle

According To D. levy, the study of the family life cycle requires a longitudinal approach. This means that the family goes through certain stages in its development, similar to those that the individual goes through in the process of ontogenesis. The stages of the family’s life cycle are associated with the creation of a family, with the appearance of new family members and the “departure” of old ones. These changes in the composition of the family largely change its role functioning.

Carter and Mac Goldring (1980) identify six stages of the family’s life cycle:

non-family status: single and unmarried people who have not created their own family;
the family of the newlyweds;
family with small children; Continue reading

Methods and techniques of educational influence

1. Method of modification, retraining. The art and science of this approach is to isolate small elements of behavior, highlight positive aspects, and try to approve them as much as possible.

The initial stage of this re-training is to assess the child’s behavior (the state of his skills). It is necessary to take into account the child’s personality in terms of motivation factors (reinforcements): which of them is the most effective for each particular child. Ways of forming behavior: positive reinforcement-encouragement, reward; negative reinforcement-punishment; lack of reinforcement-zero attention. In most cases, approval is used for correct actions (in the form of an adult’s interest, encouragement and praise, or material reward or assignment of points, symbolic reinforcements). Continue reading

Marriage and its consequences

The importance of a marriage ceremony not only for a young couple, but for the whole family is becoming more obvious as more and more young people refuse this ceremony. Rituals that may seem superfluous to young people can be important dividing signs of stages that help all participants make the transition to new ways of their relationship. In most cultures, ceremonies that accompany birth, puberty, marriage, and death are protected because they are considered essential in stabilizing life.

Whatever the relationship of the couple during the courtship period preceding the marriage, the marriage ceremony unpredictably changes the nature of this relationship. For many couples, the “honeymoon” and their time together before children are born is full of charm. Continue reading

State of family guilt
The feeling of guilt arises in everyone quite naturally if we commit an unnatural act that generates conflict. Committing exculpatory acts mitigates guilt. In this case, we are talking about…

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Psychology of the family as a system
Over the past 50 years, a systematic approach has been dominant in family counseling, which views the family as a system. This means that the family is considered as a…

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Idealization of the partner
In the first years of marriage (especially if the period of pre-marital acquaintance was short), the consequences of such a specific pre-marital relationship distortion of perception as the idealization of…

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Making a decision about marriage
The most significant for the pre-marital period is the motivation for marriage. Decision-making is often polimotivated, such motives can be identified: love, duty, spiritual closeness, material calculation, psychological compliance, and…

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