Interesting attempts to consider the “mechanisms” of the origin of love experiences. Thus, the most famous approach of Otto Weininger, who believed that the differentiation of the sexes, their separation is never completely complete. All the features of the male sex can be found, even in the weakest development, and in the female sex. You can use the concepts of the ideal man “M” and the ideal woman ” W ” only as typical sexual forms. “The law of sexual attraction”, formulated by FR. According to Weininger, ” to connect the sexes, a perfect man “M” and a perfect woman “W” are needed, although they are separated in two different individuals in completely different combinations.” The author of this theory believed that the existence of the institution of marriage is due to the fact that the presence of a huge number of intermediate stages allows you to find two individuals who are most suitable for each other (Weininger O., 1990, p. 12). Continue reading
1. Method of modification, retraining. The art and science of this approach is to isolate small elements of behavior, highlight positive aspects, and try to approve them as much as possible.
The initial stage of this re-training is to assess the child’s behavior (the state of his skills). It is necessary to take into account the child’s personality in terms of motivation factors (reinforcements): which of them is the most effective for each particular child. Ways of forming behavior: positive reinforcement-encouragement, reward; negative reinforcement-punishment; lack of reinforcement-zero attention. In most cases, approval is used for correct actions (in the form of an adult’s interest, encouragement and praise, or material reward or assignment of points, symbolic reinforcements). Continue reading
Location (warmth, love) is characterized by the fact that parents see a lot of positive properties in their children, accept them as they are. these feelings are manifested both in a warm tactile contact, and in a smile, a look of support, and an expression of pride.
In case of rejection, parents are not disposed to their children, do not enjoy communicating with them, children irritate them with their self-will, disobedience, etc.the Lack of affection for the child turns into hostility in the extreme form.
Deterrence (control) assumes that the behavior of parents is described as having many prohibitions, keeping the child under constant supervision and control, setting certain standards of behavior that children should follow. Continue reading