"The parameters of a family system»
There are six main parameters of the family system: Patterns of interaction Family rules Family myths Beyond the family The stabilizers of the family Family history 1. Stereotypes of family…

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Problems of a young family
Most psychologists and sociologists who study family relations emphasize the importance of the initial period of family development (Matskovsky, M. S., Kharchev, A. G., 1978; Sysenko, V. A., 1981; Dementieva,…

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"Psychoanalytic" model of family education (part 1)
In the classical psychoanalysis of Freud, the influence of parents on the child's mental development is given a Central place. In the first years of a child's life, the parents…

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kinship

Problems of a young family

Most psychologists and sociologists who study family relations emphasize the importance of the initial period of family development (Matskovsky, M. S., Kharchev, A. G., 1978; Sysenko, V. A., 1981; Dementieva, I. F., 1991; Trapeznikova, T. M., 1988; Richardson, R., 1994; Grebennikov, I. F., 1991, etc.). “Like all living things, the family is the weakest at the moment of origin” (Yurkevich N. G., 1971, p. 88).

In Russian psychology, as a rule, the periodization of family development, proposed by V. A. Sysenko (1981, 1989), is used. According to this periodization, the term “young family” is understood quite broadly – “very young marriages” – from 0 to 4 years of experience and “young marriages” from 5 to 9 years. Continue reading

Methods and techniques of educational influence

1. Method of modification, retraining. The art and science of this approach is to isolate small elements of behavior, highlight positive aspects, and try to approve them as much as possible.

The initial stage of this re-training is to assess the child’s behavior (the state of his skills). It is necessary to take into account the child’s personality in terms of motivation factors (reinforcements): which of them is the most effective for each particular child. Ways of forming behavior: positive reinforcement-encouragement, reward; negative reinforcement-punishment; lack of reinforcement-zero attention. In most cases, approval is used for correct actions (in the form of an adult’s interest, encouragement and praise, or material reward or assignment of points, symbolic reinforcements). Continue reading

Basic concepts of family psychology

The definition of the family:
A family is a small social group that is based on marital Union and kinship relationships (husband-wife relationships, parents and children, siblings) that live together and run a common household. The most important characteristics of a family are its functions, structure, and dynamics.

Functions of the family

The function of the family is understood as the sphere of life activity, which is associated with the satisfaction of family members of their specific needs. Continue reading

Grandparents
In many cultures, the level of relationship between the family and its progenitors is quite high. This applies even to American families, where early separation from the parent family is…

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Factors of family well-being, stages and crisis periods of marriage (part 2)
The source of difficulties in family life may be the personality characteristics of one or both spouses. We are talking about traits that initially corresponded to the norm, but were…

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Theories of choosing a marriage partner
There are various theories for choosing a marriage partner. Some researchers, such as K. Melville, liken the process of choosing a spouse to a trade transaction, with the" currency "…

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Birth and treatment of children
One of the aspects of the marriage adventure is that just when the problems of a certain stage begin to be solved, the next stage opens up its new possibilities.…

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