Marriage and its consequences
The importance of a marriage ceremony not only for a young couple, but for the whole family is becoming more obvious as more and more young people refuse this ceremony.…

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"Humanistic" model of family education (part 2)
The key concepts of this system of education are cooperation, participation; creative flexible approach to different children; emotional honesty; an atmosphere of love, encouragement, and encouragement. To achieve positive behavior…

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Kind of love
The most developed at the moment is the typology of love, proposed by D. A. Lee and empirically tested on two large samples (807 and 567 people). The author identifies…

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kinship

Problems of a young family

Most psychologists and sociologists who study family relations emphasize the importance of the initial period of family development (Matskovsky, M. S., Kharchev, A. G., 1978; Sysenko, V. A., 1981; Dementieva, I. F., 1991; Trapeznikova, T. M., 1988; Richardson, R., 1994; Grebennikov, I. F., 1991, etc.). “Like all living things, the family is the weakest at the moment of origin” (Yurkevich N. G., 1971, p. 88).

In Russian psychology, as a rule, the periodization of family development, proposed by V. A. Sysenko (1981, 1989), is used. According to this periodization, the term “young family” is understood quite broadly – “very young marriages” – from 0 to 4 years of experience and “young marriages” from 5 to 9 years. Continue reading

Methods and techniques of educational influence

1. Method of modification, retraining. The art and science of this approach is to isolate small elements of behavior, highlight positive aspects, and try to approve them as much as possible.

The initial stage of this re-training is to assess the child’s behavior (the state of his skills). It is necessary to take into account the child’s personality in terms of motivation factors (reinforcements): which of them is the most effective for each particular child. Ways of forming behavior: positive reinforcement-encouragement, reward; negative reinforcement-punishment; lack of reinforcement-zero attention. In most cases, approval is used for correct actions (in the form of an adult’s interest, encouragement and praise, or material reward or assignment of points, symbolic reinforcements). Continue reading

Basic concepts of family psychology

The definition of the family:
A family is a small social group that is based on marital Union and kinship relationships (husband-wife relationships, parents and children, siblings) that live together and run a common household. The most important characteristics of a family are its functions, structure, and dynamics.

Functions of the family

The function of the family is understood as the sphere of life activity, which is associated with the satisfaction of family members of their specific needs. Continue reading

Excommunication of parents from children
Apparently, all families enter a period of crisis when children start leaving home, and the consequences are different. Often a marriage goes through a hectic time, but gradually the situation…

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Family structure
This is the number and composition of family members, as well as the totality of relationships between its members. It is closely related to its function. They mutually influence each…

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Mechanisms for family integration
Social and functional mechanisms of family integration E. G. Eidemiller and V. V. Justitsky (1990) call a set of psychological processes that cover family members and their relationships, leading to…

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Theories of choosing a marriage partner
There are various theories for choosing a marriage partner. Some researchers, such as K. Melville, liken the process of choosing a spouse to a trade transaction, with the" currency "…

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