Adaptation in a young family
The initial period of marriage is characterized by family adaptation and integration. According To I. V. Grebennikov, adaptation is the adaptation of spouses to each other and to the environment…

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"Behavioral" model of family education
The roots of this trend go back to behavioral psychology (j.Watson, B. F. Skinner). The main focus of the model is on the child's behavior technique and discipline. An experimental…

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Factors of family well-being, stages and crisis periods of marriage (part 1)
A specialist in psychosocial work is familiar with the problem of analyzing factors of family well-being-trouble. The complexity of the family as a social system and the psychological community of…

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functions

Specifics of the premarital period

The results of many studies have shown that the combination of premarital factors that prompted young people to enter into a family Union significantly affects the success of adaptation of spouses in the first years of joint life, the strength of marriage or the likelihood of divorce. Such premarital factors are:

place and situation of meeting young people;
first impression of each other (positive, negative, ambivalent, indifferent);
socio-demographic characteristics of those who marry;
duration of the courtship period; Continue reading

Mechanisms for family integration

Social and functional mechanisms of family integration E. G. Eidemiller and V. V. Justitsky (1990) call a set of psychological processes that cover family members and their relationships, leading to the formation and development of Pro – family motives (that is, motives that determine a positive attitude to the family, the desire to remain a member, the desire to strengthen it), which contribute to the removal of negative, frustrating experiences-anxiety, stress, and resolution of internal and interpersonal conflicts.

The effect of these mechanisms is manifested in how a particular family reacts to difficulties and frustrations. If these mechanisms do not work in the family or are violated, then difficulties act as a factor that destroys the family, weakening its strength. Continue reading

Structural and role functioning of the family and its violations (part 1)

The family, as a system, on the one hand has a physical structure represented by specific members, and, on the other hand, there is a structure of relations in the family-connections between family members. Each family member has a role to play. Family relationships are relationships between roles.

What is a role? The role arises because of certain expectations of the external environment. Accordingly, each role includes a normatively approved form of behavior that is expected from a person who occupies a certain position in the system of relations, including family ones. The concept of a role includes desires and goals, beliefs and feelings, attitudes, actions, and values that are attributed to a person who occupies a certain position in the relationship system. Continue reading

National peculiarities of family relations
Until the middle of the XIX century, the family was considered as the original micromodel of society, social relations were derived from the family, the society itself was interpreted by…

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Divorce and its social and psychological consequences
Most of the contradictions that arise between spouses can be resolved without resorting to such a radical means as divorce. Often the opinion that divorce will bring real relief and…

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Development of family science and historical changes in family and marriage
Many studies have been devoted to family and marriage from ancient times to the present day. Even the ancient thinkers Plato and Aristotle justified their views on marriage and the…

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Structural and role functioning of the family and its violations (part 2)
Location (warmth, love) is characterized by the fact that parents see a lot of positive properties in their children, accept them as they are. these feelings are manifested both in…

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