In the classical psychoanalysis of Freud, the influence of parents on the child’s mental development is given a Central place. In the first years of a child’s life, the parents (and especially the mother) are the persons with whom the most important early experiences are associated. The usual daily actions of parents to care for a child have an important psychological effect.
The way and completeness of meeting the biological needs of an infant at the stage of breastfeeding, giving him the opportunity to enjoy sucking, lay the foundations of trust, affection, and activity in relation to other people for the rest of his life. Continue reading
Currently, the problems of matrimony-parenthood-kinship pay more attention not only in theory, but also in practice. The works of Yu. I. Aleshina, V. N. Druzhinin, S. V. Kovalev, A. S. Spivakovskaya, E. G. Eidemiller and other scientists emphasize that the family directly or indirectly reflects all the changes taking place in society, although it has a relative independence and stability. Despite all the changes and upheavals, the family as a social institution has persisted. In recent years, its ties with society have weakened, which has negatively affected both the family and society as a whole, which already feels the need to restore previous values, study new trends and processes, and organize practical training of young people for family life. Continue reading
Until the middle of the XIX century, the family was considered as the original micromodel of society, social relations were derived from the family, the society itself was interpreted by researchers as a sprawling family, and as a Patriarchal family with the appropriate attributes: authoritarianism, property, subordination, etc.
Ethnography has accumulated extensive material that reflects the national characteristics of relations in the family. So, in Ancient Greece was dominated by monogamy. The families were numerous. The incest taboo was in effect. The father was the master of his wife, children, and concubines. Men enjoyed great rights. Continue reading