The relationship between generations can be viewed in various aspects: as a historically and culturally variable phenomenon; as a psychological inheritance; as the personal relationships of grandparents and their children and grandchildren.
The historical aspect of the relationship between the older and younger generations in society. In so-called traditional societies, the image of an older person was closely related to the category of life experience, its gradual accumulation and transfer to the young. Customs, traditions, continuity, heritage-all these mechanisms of social life assume respect for ancestors and high authority of elders. However, the nature of relations between generations does not remain unchanged. Continue reading
In many cultures, the level of relationship between the family and its progenitors is quite high. This applies even to American families, where early separation from the parent family is accepted and older parents live separately from the family of adult children (“empty nest”). Kraig shows that the role of grandparents can be especially important in the case of single-parent families (one in five children in the United States now lives in such families) and if the mother is forced to work (this is the situation in virtually every second family with children under 3 years of age (US Bureau of the Census, 1993) (CIT. by: Kraig G., 2002). Continue reading
The roots of this trend go back to behavioral psychology (j.Watson, B. F. Skinner). The main focus of the model is on the child’s behavior technique and discipline.
An experimental study of the appearance of new behaviors in “a living piece of meat that can give a small number of simple reactions”, allowed j.Watson and other behaviorists came to the conclusion that the human psyche has a minimum of innate components, its development depends mainly on the social environment and living conditions, that is, on the stimuli supplied by the environment. The environment was considered as the immediate environment of the child, a situation that consists of specific life situations, which in turn consist of sets of different stimuli and can be decomposed into chains of stimuli. Continue reading