The family structure is the composition of the family and its members, as well as the totality of their relationships (Eidemiller E. G., Justitsky V. V., 2001). The structure of the family is also understood as a way of ensuring its unity and functioning as a social institution (Kharchev A. G., 1964, p. 55).
In order for children to fully develop and display their abilities, they must grow up in a responsive social environment. This is especially evident when comparing the achievements of children who were raised in a normal family environment with those who grew up in orphanages. The development conditions of each child can be placed on a continuous scale, ranging from the most optimal to the most unfavorable (such as those that exist, for example, in orphanages). Naturally, the worse the conditions in which the child grows, the more deviates from the norm of its development (Kraig G., p. 287). Continue reading
Every family is a system, and every system has its own structure and boundaries. The boundaries of the family depend closely on the state of the boundaries of large social systems. The more open the borders of a larger social system (state), the more closed the borders of a smaller social system (family) are, and Vice versa. For 70 years, the USSR was a closed state, and families were very open. Now the system of the state has opened and the borders of the family are rapidly closing. A positive attitude towards closed family systems is being formed. But if the boundaries of the family are closed, then the boundaries of the subsystem (mom, dad) are increasingly open. For such systems, vertical dysfunctional coalitions (mom and daughter versus dad) are very common. All vertical coalitions are dysfunctional, while horizontal coalitions are functional. Continue reading