In many cultures, the level of relationship between the family and its progenitors is quite high. This applies even to American families, where early separation from the parent family is accepted and older parents live separately from the family of adult children (“empty nest”). Kraig shows that the role of grandparents can be especially important in the case of single-parent families (one in five children in the United States now lives in such families) and if the mother is forced to work (this is the situation in virtually every second family with children under 3 years of age (US Bureau of the Census, 1993) (CIT. by: Kraig G., 2002). Continue reading
Dolto sees the main difficulty in passing the stages of personality formation for children not in children, but in parents. Difficult parents-overprotective, authoritarian, forcibly holding growing children in the nets of possessiveness. Analysis of childhood memories, ways of learning in kindergarten and school, features of education in a single-parent family, attitudes to money and punishment, all the details of children’s life reveals a huge interest in childhood psychoanalyst, recognition of the enduring importance of children’s stages of development. To share this position means that every parent, every specialist working with children, should feel these feelings. Continue reading
The family structure is the composition of the family and its members, as well as the totality of their relationships (Eidemiller E. G., Justitsky V. V., 2001). The structure of the family is also understood as a way of ensuring its unity and functioning as a social institution (Kharchev A. G., 1964, p. 55).
In order for children to fully develop and display their abilities, they must grow up in a responsive social environment. This is especially evident when comparing the achievements of children who were raised in a normal family environment with those who grew up in orphanages. The development conditions of each child can be placed on a continuous scale, ranging from the most optimal to the most unfavorable (such as those that exist, for example, in orphanages). Naturally, the worse the conditions in which the child grows, the more deviates from the norm of its development (Kraig G., p. 287). Continue reading