Monthly Archives: October 2018
1. Method of modification, retraining. The art and science of this approach is to isolate small elements of behavior, highlight positive aspects, and try to approve them as much as possible.
The initial stage of this re-training is to assess the child’s behavior (the state of his skills). It is necessary to take into account the child’s personality in terms of motivation factors (reinforcements): which of them is the most effective for each particular child. Ways of forming behavior: positive reinforcement-encouragement, reward; negative reinforcement-punishment; lack of reinforcement-zero attention. In most cases, approval is used for correct actions (in the form of an adult’s interest, encouragement and praise, or material reward or assignment of points, symbolic reinforcements). Continue reading
The roots of this trend go back to behavioral psychology (j.Watson, B. F. Skinner). The main focus of the model is on the child’s behavior technique and discipline.
An experimental study of the appearance of new behaviors in “a living piece of meat that can give a small number of simple reactions”, allowed j.Watson and other behaviorists came to the conclusion that the human psyche has a minimum of innate components, its development depends mainly on the social environment and living conditions, that is, on the stimuli supplied by the environment. The environment was considered as the immediate environment of the child, a situation that consists of specific life situations, which in turn consist of sets of different stimuli and can be decomposed into chains of stimuli. Continue reading