Marriage and its consequences
The importance of a marriage ceremony not only for a young couple, but for the whole family is becoming more obvious as more and more young people refuse this ceremony.…

Continue reading →

Basic concepts of family psychology
The definition of the family: A family is a small social group that is based on marital Union and kinship relationships (husband-wife relationships, parents and children, siblings) that live together…

Continue reading →

Psychology of the family as a system
Over the past 50 years, a systematic approach has been dominant in family counseling, which views the family as a system. This means that the family is considered as a…

Continue reading →

Monthly Archives: October 2018

Methods and techniques of educational influence

1. Method of modification, retraining. The art and science of this approach is to isolate small elements of behavior, highlight positive aspects, and try to approve them as much as possible.

The initial stage of this re-training is to assess the child’s behavior (the state of his skills). It is necessary to take into account the child’s personality in terms of motivation factors (reinforcements): which of them is the most effective for each particular child. Ways of forming behavior: positive reinforcement-encouragement, reward; negative reinforcement-punishment; lack of reinforcement-zero attention. In most cases, approval is used for correct actions (in the form of an adult’s interest, encouragement and praise, or material reward or assignment of points, symbolic reinforcements). Continue reading

“Behavioral” model of family education

The roots of this trend go back to behavioral psychology (j.Watson, B. F. Skinner). The main focus of the model is on the child’s behavior technique and discipline.

An experimental study of the appearance of new behaviors in “a living piece of meat that can give a small number of simple reactions”, allowed j.Watson and other behaviorists came to the conclusion that the human psyche has a minimum of innate components, its development depends mainly on the social environment and living conditions, that is, on the stimuli supplied by the environment. The environment was considered as the immediate environment of the child, a situation that consists of specific life situations, which in turn consist of sets of different stimuli and can be decomposed into chains of stimuli. Continue reading

Idealization of the partner
In the first years of marriage (especially if the period of pre-marital acquaintance was short), the consequences of such a specific pre-marital relationship distortion of perception as the idealization of…

...

Birth and treatment of children
One of the aspects of the marriage adventure is that just when the problems of a certain stage begin to be solved, the next stage opens up its new possibilities.…

...

Development of family science and historical changes in family and marriage
Many studies have been devoted to family and marriage from ancient times to the present day. Even the ancient thinkers Plato and Aristotle justified their views on marriage and the…

...

Problems of a young family
Most psychologists and sociologists who study family relations emphasize the importance of the initial period of family development (Matskovsky, M. S., Kharchev, A. G., 1978; Sysenko, V. A., 1981; Dementieva,…

...