Family and marriage
The family is based on marriage relations, in which both the natural and social nature of a person is manifested, both the material (social being) and the spiritual (social consciousness) sphere of social life. Society is interested in the stability of marriage relations, so it exercises external social control over the optimal functioning of marriage through the system of public opinion, means of social influence on the individual, and the process of education (Trapeznikova T. M., 1987).
Modern sociologists define marriage as “a historically changing social form of relations between husband and wife, through which society orders and authorizes their sexual life and sees their marital and parental rights and responsibilities” (Kharchev A. G., 1979, p. 66).
The separation of matrimony as a structural unit occurred in the historical aspect relatively recently as a result of serious socio-economic transformations of modern society, which created conditions for equal (social, legal, moral) men and women. Marriage is the personal interaction of husband and wife, governed by moral principles and supported by inherent values. (Golod S. I., 1984).
This definition emphasizes: the non-institutional nature of the relationship inherent in marriage; equality and symmetry of the moral duties and privileges of both spouses.
The family is a more complex system of relations, it unites not only the spouses, but also their children, as well as other relatives or just close to the spouses and the people they need (Kharchev A. G., 1979, p. 66).
According to Antonov’s definition, a family is a community of people connected by the ties of marriage, parenthood, and kinship, based on a single family activity, and thus carrying out the reproduction of the population and the continuity of family generations, as well as the socialization of children and the maintenance of the existence of family members. Antonov believes that only the presence of such a triune relationship allows us to talk about the construction of the family as such in its strict form. The fact that one or two of these relations characterizes the fragmentation of family groups who were before the actual families (due to the maturation and separation of children, family disruption due to illness, death, divorce and other family disruption) or not in the families (e.g., families, honeymooners, characterized only by marriage, but not parenthood and blood kinship).
For all these fragmentary, “fragmentary” forms of family, the term “family group” is better suited, which means a group of people who lead a joint household and are United only by kinship or marriage (Antonov. I., Medkov V. M., 1996).