"Psychoanalytic" model of family education (part 2)
Dolto sees the main difficulty in passing the stages of personality formation for children not in children, but in parents. Difficult parents-overprotective, authoritarian, forcibly holding growing children in the nets…

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Development of family science and historical changes in family and marriage
Many studies have been devoted to family and marriage from ancient times to the present day. Even the ancient thinkers Plato and Aristotle justified their views on marriage and the…

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Marriage and its consequences
The importance of a marriage ceremony not only for a young couple, but for the whole family is becoming more obvious as more and more young people refuse this ceremony.…

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Problems of a young family

Most psychologists and sociologists who study family relations emphasize the importance of the initial period of family development (Matskovsky, M. S., Kharchev, A. G., 1978; Sysenko, V. A., 1981; Dementieva, I. F., 1991; Trapeznikova, T. M., 1988; Richardson, R., 1994; Grebennikov, I. F., 1991, etc.). “Like all living things, the family is the weakest at the moment of origin” (Yurkevich N. G., 1971, p. 88).

In Russian psychology, as a rule, the periodization of family development, proposed by V. A. Sysenko (1981, 1989), is used. According to this periodization, the term “young family” is understood quite broadly – “very young marriages” – from 0 to 4 years of experience and “young marriages” from 5 to 9 years. Many researchers identify the first year or two of joint life as the first period of family development. The importance of this particular segment of the family’s life cycle is indicated by the fact that, according to various sources, 20% of the population falls apart during this time. (Trapeznikova T. M., 1989) up to one third of all families (Sysenko V. A., 1981). Perhaps for a deeper understanding of the problems of a young family should consider the relationship in it before and after the birth of first child as a baby and the family moves to a new stage regardless of the timing of its existence. Thus, Carter and Mac Goldring (1980) call the second and third stage of the family life cycle a newlywed family and a family with young children (CIT. by: Levi D., 1993). Thus, the family before and after the birth of the first child is at different stages of life, despite the fact that this change may occur within a year or less from the date of marriage. According to American family researchers, newlyweds can often afford a lot, especially when they both work: buy cars, furniture, and enjoy outdoor activities. The transition to parenthood dramatically changes the way of life. (AldousJ., 1978).

O. A. Dobrynina (1993), who studied workers ‘families, States that the most stressful periods of family existence are observed in spouses from the group of “very young marriages” (0-4 years) and “older marriages” (more than 20 years of experience). In young families, a model of future family relationships is formed – the distribution of power and responsibilities, spiritual ties between spouses, the search for a type of relationship that would satisfy both of them, and common family values are developed. For young spouses, the problems of psychological and household adaptation are updated: issues of leadership, empathy, and distribution of household loads are solved. In young families, there was an increased need for recognition and mutual understanding, but the effectiveness of psychological support for young spouses is the lowest in comparison with older marriages.

Grandparents (grandparents) in the system of family relations (part 1)
The relationship between generations can be viewed in various aspects: as a historically and culturally variable phenomenon; as a psychological inheritance; as the personal relationships of grandparents and their children…

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Difficulties in the middle period of marriage
In most animal species, the family unit consisting of parents and children does not last long. As a rule, parents annually produce offspring, and the young go out into the…

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Grandparents
In many cultures, the level of relationship between the family and its progenitors is quite high. This applies even to American families, where early separation from the parent family is…

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Psychology of the family as a system
Over the past 50 years, a systematic approach has been dominant in family counseling, which views the family as a system. This means that the family is considered as a…

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