Modern research on family and marriage relations
Currently, the problems of matrimony-parenthood-kinship pay more attention not only in theory, but also in practice. The works of Yu. I. Aleshina, V. N. Druzhinin, S. V. Kovalev, A. S.…

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"Psychoanalytic" model of family education (part 1)
In the classical psychoanalysis of Freud, the influence of parents on the child's mental development is given a Central place. In the first years of a child's life, the parents…

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Grandparents (grandparents) in the system of family relations (part 1)
The relationship between generations can be viewed in various aspects: as a historically and culturally variable phenomenon; as a psychological inheritance; as the personal relationships of grandparents and their children…

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Problems of a young family

Most psychologists and sociologists who study family relations emphasize the importance of the initial period of family development (Matskovsky, M. S., Kharchev, A. G., 1978; Sysenko, V. A., 1981; Dementieva, I. F., 1991; Trapeznikova, T. M., 1988; Richardson, R., 1994; Grebennikov, I. F., 1991, etc.). “Like all living things, the family is the weakest at the moment of origin” (Yurkevich N. G., 1971, p. 88).

In Russian psychology, as a rule, the periodization of family development, proposed by V. A. Sysenko (1981, 1989), is used. According to this periodization, the term “young family” is understood quite broadly – “very young marriages” – from 0 to 4 years of experience and “young marriages” from 5 to 9 years. Many researchers identify the first year or two of joint life as the first period of family development. The importance of this particular segment of the family’s life cycle is indicated by the fact that, according to various sources, 20% of the population falls apart during this time. (Trapeznikova T. M., 1989) up to one third of all families (Sysenko V. A., 1981). Perhaps for a deeper understanding of the problems of a young family should consider the relationship in it before and after the birth of first child as a baby and the family moves to a new stage regardless of the timing of its existence. Thus, Carter and Mac Goldring (1980) call the second and third stage of the family life cycle a newlywed family and a family with young children (CIT. by: Levi D., 1993). Thus, the family before and after the birth of the first child is at different stages of life, despite the fact that this change may occur within a year or less from the date of marriage. According to American family researchers, newlyweds can often afford a lot, especially when they both work: buy cars, furniture, and enjoy outdoor activities. The transition to parenthood dramatically changes the way of life. (AldousJ., 1978).

O. A. Dobrynina (1993), who studied workers ‘families, States that the most stressful periods of family existence are observed in spouses from the group of “very young marriages” (0-4 years) and “older marriages” (more than 20 years of experience). In young families, a model of future family relationships is formed – the distribution of power and responsibilities, spiritual ties between spouses, the search for a type of relationship that would satisfy both of them, and common family values are developed. For young spouses, the problems of psychological and household adaptation are updated: issues of leadership, empathy, and distribution of household loads are solved. In young families, there was an increased need for recognition and mutual understanding, but the effectiveness of psychological support for young spouses is the lowest in comparison with older marriages.

Motivation for marriage
Interesting attempts to consider the "mechanisms" of the origin of love experiences. Thus, the most famous approach of Otto Weininger, who believed that the differentiation of the sexes, their separation…

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Birth and treatment of children
One of the aspects of the marriage adventure is that just when the problems of a certain stage begin to be solved, the next stage opens up its new possibilities.…

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Problems of love and marriage
The theme of love and marriage is an inexhaustible source of inspiration for writers and philosophers. In ethics, the concept of love is associated with intimate and deep feelings, a…

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"Humanistic" model of family education (part 2)
The key concepts of this system of education are cooperation, participation; creative flexible approach to different children; emotional honesty; an atmosphere of love, encouragement, and encouragement. To achieve positive behavior…

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