Most psychologists and sociologists who study family relations emphasize the importance of the initial period of family development (Matskovsky, M. S., Kharchev, A. G., 1978; Sysenko, V. A., 1981; Dementieva, I. F., 1991; Trapeznikova, T. M., 1988; Richardson, R., 1994; Grebennikov, I. F., 1991, etc.). “Like all living things, the family is the weakest at the moment of origin” (Yurkevich N. G., 1971, p. 88).
In Russian psychology, as a rule, the periodization of family development, proposed by V. A. Sysenko (1981, 1989), is used. According to this periodization, the term “young family” is understood quite broadly – “very young marriages” – from 0 to 4 years of experience and “young marriages” from 5 to 9 years. Continue reading
The relationship between generations can be viewed in various aspects: as a historically and culturally variable phenomenon; as a psychological inheritance; as the personal relationships of grandparents and their children and grandchildren.
The historical aspect of the relationship between the older and younger generations in society. In so-called traditional societies, the image of an older person was closely related to the category of life experience, its gradual accumulation and transfer to the young. Customs, traditions, continuity, heritage-all these mechanisms of social life assume respect for ancestors and high authority of elders. However, the nature of relations between generations does not remain unchanged. Continue reading
The main functions of the family, according to I. V. Grebennikov (Grebennikov I. V., 1991), are:
reproductive (reproduction of life, that is, the birth of children, the continuation of the human race);
economic (social production of means of life, restoration of the forces spent on production of their adult members, management of their economy, availability of their budget, organization of consumer activities);
educational (the formation of the child’s personality, the systematic educational impact of the family team on each of its members throughout their lives, the constant influence of children on parents and other adult family members) Continue reading