"Psychoanalytic" model of family education (part 2)
Dolto sees the main difficulty in passing the stages of personality formation for children not in children, but in parents. Difficult parents-overprotective, authoritarian, forcibly holding growing children in the nets…

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Problems of love and marriage
The theme of love and marriage is an inexhaustible source of inspiration for writers and philosophers. In ethics, the concept of love is associated with intimate and deep feelings, a…

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Methods and techniques of educational influence
1. Method of modification, retraining. The art and science of this approach is to isolate small elements of behavior, highlight positive aspects, and try to approve them as much as…

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understanding

Problems of a young family

Most psychologists and sociologists who study family relations emphasize the importance of the initial period of family development (Matskovsky, M. S., Kharchev, A. G., 1978; Sysenko, V. A., 1981; Dementieva, I. F., 1991; Trapeznikova, T. M., 1988; Richardson, R., 1994; Grebennikov, I. F., 1991, etc.). “Like all living things, the family is the weakest at the moment of origin” (Yurkevich N. G., 1971, p. 88).

In Russian psychology, as a rule, the periodization of family development, proposed by V. A. Sysenko (1981, 1989), is used. According to this periodization, the term “young family” is understood quite broadly – “very young marriages” – from 0 to 4 years of experience and “young marriages” from 5 to 9 years. Continue reading

Grandparents (grandparents) in the system of family relations (part 1)

The relationship between generations can be viewed in various aspects: as a historically and culturally variable phenomenon; as a psychological inheritance; as the personal relationships of grandparents and their children and grandchildren.

The historical aspect of the relationship between the older and younger generations in society. In so-called traditional societies, the image of an older person was closely related to the category of life experience, its gradual accumulation and transfer to the young. Customs, traditions, continuity, heritage-all these mechanisms of social life assume respect for ancestors and high authority of elders. However, the nature of relations between generations does not remain unchanged. Continue reading

Functions of the family

The main functions of the family, according to I. V. Grebennikov (Grebennikov I. V., 1991), are:

reproductive (reproduction of life, that is, the birth of children, the continuation of the human race);
economic (social production of means of life, restoration of the forces spent on production of their adult members, management of their economy, availability of their budget, organization of consumer activities);
educational (the formation of the child’s personality, the systematic educational impact of the family team on each of its members throughout their lives, the constant influence of children on parents and other adult family members) Continue reading

"Psychoanalytic" model of family education (part 1)
In the classical psychoanalysis of Freud, the influence of parents on the child's mental development is given a Central place. In the first years of a child's life, the parents…

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Methods and techniques of educational influence
1. Method of modification, retraining. The art and science of this approach is to isolate small elements of behavior, highlight positive aspects, and try to approve them as much as…

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The work of the psychologist with the teaching staff
The psychologist is called to do everything possible to ensure a real humanization of the relationship between children and teachers in kindergarten, to replace the usual orientation of the staff…

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Family life cycle
According To D. levy, the study of the family life cycle requires a longitudinal approach. This means that the family goes through certain stages in its development, similar to those…

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