Interesting attempts to consider the “mechanisms” of the origin of love experiences. Thus, the most famous approach of Otto Weininger, who believed that the differentiation of the sexes, their separation is never completely complete. All the features of the male sex can be found, even in the weakest development, and in the female sex. You can use the concepts of the ideal man “M” and the ideal woman ” W ” only as typical sexual forms. “The law of sexual attraction”, formulated by FR. According to Weininger, ” to connect the sexes, a perfect man “M” and a perfect woman “W” are needed, although they are separated in two different individuals in completely different combinations.” The author of this theory believed that the existence of the institution of marriage is due to the fact that the presence of a huge number of intermediate stages allows you to find two individuals who are most suitable for each other (Weininger O., 1990, p. 12). Continue reading
Social and functional mechanisms of family integration E. G. Eidemiller and V. V. Justitsky (1990) call a set of psychological processes that cover family members and their relationships, leading to the formation and development of Pro – family motives (that is, motives that determine a positive attitude to the family, the desire to remain a member, the desire to strengthen it), which contribute to the removal of negative, frustrating experiences-anxiety, stress, and resolution of internal and interpersonal conflicts.
The effect of these mechanisms is manifested in how a particular family reacts to difficulties and frustrations. If these mechanisms do not work in the family or are violated, then difficulties act as a factor that destroys the family, weakening its strength. Continue reading
Currently, the problems of matrimony-parenthood-kinship pay more attention not only in theory, but also in practice. The works of Yu. I. Aleshina, V. N. Druzhinin, S. V. Kovalev, A. S. Spivakovskaya, E. G. Eidemiller and other scientists emphasize that the family directly or indirectly reflects all the changes taking place in society, although it has a relative independence and stability. Despite all the changes and upheavals, the family as a social institution has persisted. In recent years, its ties with society have weakened, which has negatively affected both the family and society as a whole, which already feels the need to restore previous values, study new trends and processes, and organize practical training of young people for family life. Continue reading