In many cultures, the level of relationship between the family and its progenitors is quite high. This applies even to American families, where early separation from the parent family is accepted and older parents live separately from the family of adult children (“empty nest”). Kraig shows that the role of grandparents can be especially important in the case of single-parent families (one in five children in the United States now lives in such families) and if the mother is forced to work (this is the situation in virtually every second family with children under 3 years of age (US Bureau of the Census, 1993) (CIT. by: Kraig G., 2002). Continue reading
In the first years of marriage (especially if the period of pre-marital acquaintance was short), the consequences of such a specific pre-marital relationship distortion of perception as the idealization of the partner can play a negative role. M. A. Abalakina (1987) believes that there are three points of view on the problem of idealization of a partner:
Idealization unreasonably overestimates the expectations placed on the partner and on interaction with him. The realization that a real person does not match the ideal image, plays a destructive role, leads to deep dissatisfaction with the partner, yourself, and the relationship as a whole. Continue reading
The family structure is the composition of the family and its members, as well as the totality of their relationships (Eidemiller E. G., Justitsky V. V., 2001). The structure of the family is also understood as a way of ensuring its unity and functioning as a social institution (Kharchev A. G., 1964, p. 55).
In order for children to fully develop and display their abilities, they must grow up in a responsive social environment. This is especially evident when comparing the achievements of children who were raised in a normal family environment with those who grew up in orphanages. The development conditions of each child can be placed on a continuous scale, ranging from the most optimal to the most unfavorable (such as those that exist, for example, in orphanages). Naturally, the worse the conditions in which the child grows, the more deviates from the norm of its development (Kraig G., p. 287). Continue reading