There are various theories for choosing a marriage partner. Some researchers, such as K. Melville, liken the process of choosing a spouse to a trade transaction, with the” currency ” in exchange being the social values of two individuals, such as social origin, economic status, education, and personal qualities (age, appearance) (Melville K., 1977).
Proponents of the theory of homogamy (Nye A., Berardo F., Bossard J. and others) argued that “exchanged” can not be any man and woman, but only those who have the same “social value”, or homogamy. In fact, the possible candidates include candidates with the same characteristics that are of primary importance in terms of marital choice (race, religion, social class, proximity in educational level, age, marital status, territorial proximity of residence) (NyeL, BerardoE, 1973). Continue reading
Currently, the problems of matrimony-parenthood-kinship pay more attention not only in theory, but also in practice. The works of Yu. I. Aleshina, V. N. Druzhinin, S. V. Kovalev, A. S. Spivakovskaya, E. G. Eidemiller and other scientists emphasize that the family directly or indirectly reflects all the changes taking place in society, although it has a relative independence and stability. Despite all the changes and upheavals, the family as a social institution has persisted. In recent years, its ties with society have weakened, which has negatively affected both the family and society as a whole, which already feels the need to restore previous values, study new trends and processes, and organize practical training of young people for family life. Continue reading