In many cultures, the level of relationship between the family and its progenitors is quite high. This applies even to American families, where early separation from the parent family is accepted and older parents live separately from the family of adult children (“empty nest”). Kraig shows that the role of grandparents can be especially important in the case of single-parent families (one in five children in the United States now lives in such families) and if the mother is forced to work (this is the situation in virtually every second family with children under 3 years of age (US Bureau of the Census, 1993) (CIT. by: Kraig G., 2002). Continue reading
The family is based on marriage relations, in which both the natural and social nature of a person is manifested, both the material (social being) and the spiritual (social consciousness) sphere of social life. Society is interested in the stability of marriage relations, so it exercises external social control over the optimal functioning of marriage through the system of public opinion, means of social influence on the individual, and the process of education (Trapeznikova T. M., 1987).
Modern sociologists define marriage as “a historically changing social form of relations between husband and wife, through which society orders and authorizes their sexual life and sees their marital and parental rights and responsibilities” (Kharchev A. G., 1979, p. 66). Continue reading
This is the number and composition of family members, as well as the totality of relationships between its members. It is closely related to its function. They mutually influence each other. For example, divorce affects all functions. There are the following forms of family:
The basic form of the family is the nuclear family. This is a triangle-parents and one child. It is represented by representatives of 2 generations-parents and children. There are 2 varieties – a complete nuclear family (two parents and children) and an incomplete nuclear family (the absence of one of the parents). A family without children is also an incomplete nuclear family. Continue reading